DE / EN

Attitudes on Foreign and Security Policy in the U.S. and Germany:

A Comparison at the Mass and Elite Level

Principal Investigators: Prof. Dr. Harald Schoen; Prof. Dr. Hans Rattinger

Funding: DFG

Duration: 2010 to 2015

Research question/goal:

The project seeks to compare foreign and security policy orientations of the public and of political elites in Germany and the United States over time since the end of the Cold War. Therefore, all available data from relevant mass and elite surveys are collected and analyzed – for the first time in comparative attitudinal research – from a cognitive psychological perspective. Developments, structures as well as determinants of foreign and security policy orientations are investigated.

We especially focus on the interrelation between public opinion and elite orientations. These analyses will contribute to answer questions of political science attitudinal research as well as of foreign policy research. They will shed light on how the foreign policy orientations of citizens and elites in the U.S. and Germany have responded to the changes in the international system and foreign affairs since 1989/90.

In particular, we can address the controversial issue if, how and in which phases the two countries have drifted apart with regard to foreign and security policy orientations of citizens and elites. Furthermore, the project will clarify the relation between public opinion and elite orientations in both countries and will thus help to better understand the process of foreign policy formation.

Current stage: 

Extensive analyses regarding the development of foreign and security policy belief systems of German and American citizens and elites since the end of the Cold War have been carried out. Moreover, we investigated how foreign and security policy orientations have changed, given the altered geopolitical situation (from 1970 to 2010).

      Publications

    • Books

      • Schoen, Harald, and Heiko Biehl (2015): Sicherheitspolitik und Streitkräfte im Urteil der Bürger. Theorien, Methoden, Befunde, Schriftenreihe des Zentrums für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr, Volume 15, Wiesbaden: Springer VS. Volltext (SpringerLink).
    • Journal Articles

      • Glantz, Alexander, and Matthias Mader (In Press): Predispositions, Mission-Specific Beliefs, and Public Support for Military Missions: The Case of the German ISAF Mission in Afghanistan. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, (published online before print). 
      • Mader, Matthias, and Harald Schoen (2013): Alles eine Frage des Blickwinkels? Framing-Effekte und Bevölkerungsurteile über einen möglichen Bundeswehreinsatz in Libyen. Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen, 13, issue 1, p. 5-34.
      • Mader, Matthias, and Jana Pötzschke (2014): National Identities and Mass Belief Systems on Foreign and Security Policy in Germany. German Politics, 23, Heft 1-2, S. 59-77. more
      • Pötzschke, Jana, Hans Rattinger and Harald Schoen (2012): Persönlichkeit, Wertorientierungen und Einstellungen zu Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik in den Vereinigten Staaten. Politische Psychologie, 2, S. 4-29. more
    • Conference Presentations

      • Rudnik, Agatha, and Harald Schoen (2014): Mehr als ökonomisches Kalkül? Zu den Bestimmungsfaktoren von auf die Euro-Krise bezogenen Performanzbewertungen und Policy-Präferenzen. Tagung Sammelband “Wirtschaftskrise und Wahlverhalten in Deutschland”, HWK Delmenhorst, 24. bis 25. Juli 2014.  more
      • Mader, Matthias (2013): Coping with External Demands to Participate in Military Interventions - Does German National Identity Mediate International Relations’ Effects on Domestic Attitudes? Paper presented at the 41st ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops in Mainz, 11-16 March 2013.
      • Mader, Matthias, and Harald Schoen (2013): Explaining Electoral Choice in the 2013 German Federal Election: Chancellor Merkel, the Euro Crisis, and the AfD. Paper presented at the Johns Hopkins University SAIS Europe workshop “Germany after the 2013 Election” in Bologna, Italy, 30 November 2013.
      • Glantz, Alexander, and Matthias Mader (2012): Predispositions and Public Support for the War in Afghanistan: Evidence from Germany. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association (EPSA) in Berlin, 21-23 June 2012.
      • Mader, Matthias (2012): Außen- und sicherheitspolitische Einstellungen in Deutschland, 1981-2007.Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Section “Wahlen und politische Einstellungen” of the Deutsche Vereinigung für Politische Wissenschaft in Frankfurt/ Main, 28-29 Juni 2012.
      • Mader, Matthias, and Harald Schoen (2012): Framingeffekte und Bevölkerungseinstellungen zu einem möglichen Bundeswehreinsatz in Libyen. Presentation at the Annual Conference of GLES Young Researcher’s Network in Mannheim, 29-30 November 2012.
      • Pötzschke, Jana, and Matthias Mader (2011): One Hierarchy To Rule Them All? Structures in Belief Systems on Foreign and Security Policy Attitudes in the German Public. 6th ECPR General Conference, Reykjavik, 25 - 27. August 2011. more
      • Pötzschke, Jana, Hans Rattinger and Harald Schoen (2011): Personality, Values and Attitudes toward Foreign and Security Policies. APSA 2011 Annual Meeting, Seattle, 01. - 04. September 2011. more