Research topics of the chair of Micro-Sociology and Social Psychology

The core assumption of the research projects at the chair holds that social situations rarely influence the behavior of a person in a direct way. Rather, it is argued that people interpret an “objective” social situation very differently, resulting in various subjective representations of the situation. These internal representations in turn guide behavior. Thus, the same “objective” situation may result in different behavioral consequences due to the different mental representations of the objectively same situation. Based on this general assumption we are investigating the question how individuals subjectively construe social situations and how these subjective representations influence peoples´ thinking, feeling, and behavior. These internal cognitive processes are addressed within a wide spectrum of domains (e.g., person perception, attitude change, advertising, communication, perception of inequality). We thereby rely on experimental procedures. Complementary, we examine the same questions by analyzing existing representative data sets.

Details and more specific research topics can be found on the websites of the particular staff members (Team).

  • Selected publications of team members

    Year of publication: in press

    Igou, E.R., Blake, A.A., Bless, H. (in press). Just-World Beliefs Increase Helping Intentions via Meaning and Affect. Journal of Happiness Studies.

    Year of publication: 2020

    Burger, A. M., Pfattheicher, S., & Jauch, M. (2020). The role of motivation in the association of political ideology with cognitive performance. Cognition, 195. Advance Online Publication.

    Year of publication: 2019

    Ingenfeld, J, Wolbring, T., & Bless, H. (2019). Commuting and Life Satisfaction Revisited: Evidence on a Non-Linear Relationship.Journal of Happiness Studies, 20, 2677-2709.

    Jedinger, A. & Burger, A. M. (2019). The Ideological Foundations of Economic Protectionism: Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation, and the Moderating Role of Political Involvement. Political Psychology. doi: 10.1111/pops.12627

    Year of publication: 2018

    Jedinger, A., & Burger, A. M. (2018). The role of right-wing authoritarianism and political sophistication in shaping attitudes toward redistribution. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49 (3), 560–573.

    Burger, A. M., Preiser, S., & Beierlein, C. (2018). Die psychologische Relevanz politischer Ideologien – Editorial zur Themenausgabe “Politische Ideologien” [The psychological relevance of political ideologies]. Politische Psycholgie, 7 (1), 3–7.

    Bless, H. & Granato, N. (2018). Small and Negligible: Evidence on the Relation Between Individuals' Power in the Job Situation and Their Satisfaction with Life and Job. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 40: 6, 374–383, DOI: 10.1080/01973533.2018.1510779.

    Bruk, A., Scholl, S. G., & Bless, H. (2018). Beautiful mess effect: Self–other differences in evaluation of showing vulnerability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115(2), 192–205.

    Greifeneder, R., Bless, H., & Fiedler, K. (2018). Social cognition: How individuals construct social reality. New York: Routledge.

    Raue M., & Scholl S.G. (2018). The Use of Heuristics in Decision Making Under Risk and Uncertainty. In M. Raue, E. Lermer, & B. Streicher (eds). Psychological Perspectives on Risk and Risk Analysis (pp.153–179). Springer, Cham. Link

    Year of publication: 2017

    Burger, A.M., & Bless, H. (2017). Cognitive consequences of formal clothing: The effects of clothing versus thinking of clothing. Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology.

    Engel, J. & Bless, H. (2017). The more negative the more impact: Evidence from nationally representative data on the relation between domain satisfactions and general life satisfaction. Social Psychology, 48, 148–159.

    Bless, H., & Burger, A. M. (2017). Mood and the regulation of mental abstraction. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 159–164.

    Butz, S., Kieslich, P. J., & Bless, H. (2017). Why are conservatives happier than liberals? Comparing different explanations based on system justification, multiple group membership, and positive adjustment. European Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 362–372.

    Year of publication: 2016

    Bless, H., & Burger, A. M. (2016)Assimilation and contrast in social priming. Current Opinion in Psychology, 12, 26–31.

    Burger, A. M., & Bless, H. (2016). Stimmung und Informationsverarbeitung [Mood and Information Processing]. In D. Frey & H.-W. Bierhoff (Eds.). Enzyklopädie der Psychologie: Sozialpsychologie, Band 2 Sozial Motive und soziale Einstellungen [Encyclopaedia of Psychology: Social Psychology], S.654–674. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Burger, A. M., & Bless, H. (2016). Affect and the weight of idealistic and pragmatic concerns in decision situations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46, 323–340.

    Bless, H., & Burger, A. M. (2016). A closer look at social psychologists' silver bullet: Inevitable and evitable side effects of the experimental approach. Perspectives on Psychological Science11, 296–308.

    Friedrich, K., Smit, M., Wannhoff, A., Rupp, C., Scholl, S. G., Antoni, C., Dollinger, M., Neumann-Haefelin, C., Stremmel, W., Weiss, K. H., Schemmer, P., Gotthardt, D. N.. (2016). Coffee consumption protects against progression in liver cirrhosis and increases long-term survival after liver transplantation. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 31, 1470-1475. Link.

    Scholl, S. G., & Bless, H., (2016). Urteilsheuristiken. In D. Frey & H.-W. Bierhoff, (Eds.). Enzyklopädie der Psychologie: Selbst und Soziale Kognition – Sozialpsychologie, Band 1 (pp. 387–408) [Encyclopaedia of Psychology: Social Psychology]. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Year of publication: 2015

    Friedrich, K., Baumann, C., Brune, M., Wannhoff, A., Rupp, C., Scholl, S. G., Antoni, C, Dollinger, M., Neumann-Haefelin, C., Weiss, K. H., Stremmel, W., Schemmer, P., & Gotthardt, D. N. (2015). Association of serum zinc levels with liver function and survival in patients awaiting liver transplantation. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, 400, 805–811. Link.

    Friedrich, K., Grüter, L., Gotthardt, D. N., Eisenbach, C., Stremmel, W., Scholl, S. G.,Rex, D. K. & Sieg, A. (2015). Survival in patients with colorectal cancer diagnosed by screening colonoscopy. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 82, 133–137. Link

    Schoel, C., Zimmer, K., & Stahlberg, D. (2015). Spatial Power Motivation Scale – A semi-implicit measure of situational power motivation. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97, 66–80.

    Year of publication: 2014

    Friedrich, K., Scholl, S. G., Beck, S., Gotthardt, D., Stremmel, W., Rex, D., BNG-Study Group, & Sieg, A. (2014). Aspiration pneumonia in outpatient endoscopic sedation. Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, 23, 255–259. Link

    Schoel, C., Eck, J., & Greifeneder, R. (2014). A matter of vertical position. Consequences of ostracism differ for those above versus below its perpetrators. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 149–157. doi: 10.1177/1948550613488953. Link

    Scholl, S. G., Greifeneder, R. & Bless, H. (2014). When fluency signals truth: Prior successful reliance on fluency moderates the impact of fluency on truth judgments. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 27, 268–280. Link

    Sieg, A., BNG-Study Group, Beck, S., Scholl, S. G., Stremmel, W., Rex, D., & Friedrich, K. (2014). Safety analysis of Endoscopist-Directed Propofol Sedation. A prospective, national multicenter study of 24,441 patients in German outpatient practices. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 29, 517–523. Link

    Year of publication: 2013

    Greifeneder, R., Bless, H., & Scholl, S. G. (2013). About swift defaults and sophisticated safety nets: A process perspective on fluency’s validity in judgment. In C. Unkelbach & R. Greifeneder (Eds.), The experience of thinking (pp. 220–233). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

    Moosbrugger, H., Engel, J., & Reiß, S. (2013). Varianzanalyse. In S. Maschke & L. Stecher (Eds.), Enzyklopädie Erziehungswissenschaften Online (EEO), Fachgebiet Methoden der empirischen erziehungswissenschaftlichen Forschung. Weinheim und Basel: Beltz Juventa. doi: 10.3262/EEO07130283. Link

    Schoel, C., Roessel, J., Eck, J., Janssen, J., Petrovic, B., Rothe, A., Rudert, S. C., & Stahlberg, D. (2013). Attitudes towards Languages (AtoL) scale: A global instrument. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 32, 21–45. doi: 10.1177/0261927X12457922. Link

    Year of publication: 2012

    Greifeneder, R., Zelt, S., Seele, T., Bottenberg, K. & Alt, A. (2012). Towards a better understanding of the legibility bias in performance assessments: The case of gender-based inferences. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 361–74. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8279.2011.02029.x Link

    Greifeneder, R. & Keller, J. (2012). Habitual self-regulatory orientation and ease-of-retrieval: Regulatory focus qualifies the impact of subjective experiences in judgment. Motivation and Emotion, 36, 338–348, doi: 10.1007/s11031-011-9251-8. Link

    Schoel, C., Eck, J., Roessel, J., & Stahlberg, D. (2012). Spracheinstellungen aus sozialpsychologischer Perspektive I: Deutsch und Fremdsprachen. In L. Eichinger, A. Plewnia, C. Schoel & D. Stahlberg (Hrsg.), Sprache und Einstellungen. Spracheinstellungen aus sprachwissenschaftlicher und sozialpsychologischer Perspektive (S. 163–203). Tübingen: Narr.

    Scholl, S. G. (2012). Judgments of randomness in binary sequences: A constructive process. Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers.

    Year of publication: 2011

    Greifeneder, R., Bless, H., & Pham, M. T. (2011). When do people rely on affective and cognitive feelings in judgment? A review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15, 107–141. doi:10.1177/1088868310367640. Lead article. Link

    Greifeneder, R., Müller, P., Stahlberg, D., Van den Bos, K., & Bless, H. (2011). Beyond procedure''s content: Cognitive subjective experiences in procedural justice judgments. Experimental Psychology, 58, 341–352. doi:10.1027/1618-3169/a000101. Link

    Janssen, J., Müller, P., & Greifeneder, R. (2011). Cognitive processes in procedural justice judgments. The role of ease-of-retrieval, uncertainty, and experience. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 32, 726–750. doi:10.1002/job.700Link

    Greifeneder, R., Müller, P., Stahlberg, D., Van den Bos, K., & Bless, H. (2011). Guiding Trustful Behavior: The Role of Accessible Content and Accessibility Experiences. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 24: 498–514. doi: 10.1002/bdm.705

    Keller, J., Bless, H., Blomann, F, & Kleinböhl, D. (2011). Physiological aspects of flow experiences: Skills-demand-compatibilitiy effects on heart rate variability and salivary cortisol. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 4, 849–852.

    Ziegler, R., & Burger, A. M. (2011). Mood and the impact of individuating information on the evaluation of ingroup and outgroup members: The role of mood-based expectancies. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology47, 1000–1006. Link

    Scholl, S. G. & Greifeneder, R. (2011). Disentangling the effects of alternation rate and maximum run length on judgments of randomness. Judgment and Decision Making, 6, 531–541. Link

    Year of publication: 2010

    Müller, P., Greifeneder, R., Stahlberg, D., van den Bos, K. & Bless, H. (2010). Shaping Cooperation Behavior: The Role of Accessibility Experiences and Uncertainty. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 178–187.

    Greifeneder, R., Scheibehenne, B. & Kleber, N. (2010). Less may be more when choosing is difficult: Choice complexity and too much choice. Acta Psychologica, 133, 45–50.

    Greifeneder, R., & Bless, H. (2010). The fate of activated information in impression formation: Fluency of concept activation moderates the emergence of assimilation versus contrast. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 405–414.

    Scheibehenne, B., Greifeneder, R., & Todd, P. M. (2010). Can there ever be too many options? A meta-analytic review of choice overload. Journal of Consumer Research, 37, 409–425. Link

    Greifeneder, R., Alt. A., Bottenberg, K., Seele, T., Zelt, S., & Wagener, D. (2010). On writing legibly: Processing fluency systematically biases evaluations of handwritten material. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(3), 230–237. Featured in Science, 329, 370, Editors’ Choice. Link

    Mink, M. & Greifeneder, R. (2010). Evaluation of the offensive approach in information security education. In K. Rannenberg, V. Varadharajan & C. Weber (Hrsg.), Security and Privacy—Silver Linings in the Cloud (S. 203–214). Berlin: Springer.

    Bless, H. & Schwarz, N. (2010). Mental Construal and the Emergence of Assimilation and Contrast Effects: The Inclusion/Exclusion Model. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 319–373.

    Hilbig, B. E., Scholl, S. G., & Pohl, R. F. (2010). Think or blink – is the recognition heuristic an ''intuitive'' strategy? Judgment and Decision Making, 5, 300–309. Link

    Year of publication: 2009

    Greifeneder, R., Bless, H. & Wänke, M. (2009). Markentransfer: Erfolgs- und Misserfolgsfaktoren auf der Basis sozialpsychologischer Forschung. Wirtschaftspsychologie, 10, 40–52.

    Scheibehenne, B., Greifeneder R. & Todd, P. M. (2009). What moderates the too-much-choice effect? Psychology & Marketing, 26(3), 229–253.

    Igou, E.R., & Bless, H. (2009). On undesirable consequences of thinking: Framing effects as a function of substantive processing. Journal of Behaviroal Decision Making.

    Bless, H., Keller, J., & Igou, E.R. (2009). Metacognition. In F. Strack & J.Förster (Eds.), Social Cognition – the Basis of Human Interaction (pp. 157–177).

    Keller, J., & Bless, H. (2009). Predicting future affective states: How ease of retrieval and faith in intuition moderate the impact of activated content. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 467–476.

    Year of publication: 2008

    Keller, J., & Bless, H. (2008). Expectancy effects on cognitive test performance: Regulatory focus as a catalyst. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 187–212.

    Keller, J., & Bless, H. (2008). Flow and regulatory compatibility: An experimental test of the flow model of intrinsic motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 196–209.

    Greitemeyer, T., & Greifeneder, R. (2008). Losing more than gaining from overall stable prices: The differential perception of increasing versus decreasing prices made the Euro look like a price booster. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38(5), 786–799.

    Greifeneder, R., & Bless, H. (2008). Availability. In W. Donsbach (Hrsg.), The International Encyclopedia of Communication (Vol. 1, S. 279–281). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Bless, H. & Greifeneder, R. (2008). Brands and successful brand extensions: A social psychology perspective on economic questions. In M. Wänke (Hrsg.), The social psychology of consumer behaviour (109–130). New York: Psychology Press.

    Greifeneder, R., & Bless, H. (2008). Depression and reliance on ease-of-retrieval experiences. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38(2), 213–230.

    Plessner, H. & Czenna, S. (2008). The benefits of intuition. In H. Plessner, C. Betsch, & T. Betsch, T. (Eds.), Intuition in judgment and decision making (pp. 251 – 265). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Koriat, A., Nussinson, R., Bless, H., & Shaked, N. (2008). Information-based and experience-based metacognitive judgments: Evidence from subjective confidence. In J. Dunlosky & R.A. Bjork (eds.), A Handbook.of Memory and Metamemory (pp. 117- 135). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    Year of publication: 2007

    Wänke, M. & Greifeneder, R. (2007). Mehr ist mehr? Die psychologische Wirkung von Angebotsvielfalt und Markenbreite. In A. Florack, M. Scarabis, & E. Primosch, (Eds.), Psychologie der Markenführung (pp. 149–158). München: Vahlen.

    Keller, J. & Bless, H. (2007). Stereotype Threat as the Consequence of Communicating Positive or Negative Group-Based Stereotypic Expectancies: Regulatory focus as a Crucial Moderator. In Y. Kashima, K. Fiedler, & P. Freytag (Eds.), Stereotype Dynamics: Language-Based Approaches to Stereotype Formation, Maintenance, and Transformation. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

    Greifeneder, R. (2007). Reliance on accessibility experiences in judgment and decision making. Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers.

    Greifeneder, R. & Schattka, S. K. (2007). Group cohesiveness. In R. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Hrsg.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, S. 386–388). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Greifeneder, R., Bless, H. & Kuschmann, T. (2007). Extending the brand image on new products: The facilitative effect of happy mood states. Journal of Consumer Behavior, 6, 19–31.

    Greifeneder, R., & Bless, H. (2007). Relying on accessible content versus accessibility experiences: The case of processing capacity. Social Cognition, 25(6), 853–881.

    Bless, H., Greifeneder, R., & Wänke, M. (2007). Marken als psychologische Kategorien: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen einer sozial-kognitiven Sichtweise. In A. Florack, M. Scarabis, & E. Primosch, (Eds.), Psychologie der Markenführung (pp. 31–40). München: Vahlen.

    Schwarz, N., & Bless, H. (2007). Mental construal processes: The inclusion/exclusion model. In D. A. Stapel & J. Suls (Eds.), Assimilation and contrast in Social Psychology (pp. 119–141). New York: Psychology Press.

    Igou, E.R., & Bless, H. (2007). Conversational expectations as a basis for order effects in persuasion. Journal of Language and Social Psychology26, 260–273.

    Bless, H. & Greifeneder, R. (2007). Contrast effects. In R. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Hrsg.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (Vol. 1, S. 180–182). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Müller, P. & Greifeneder, R. (2007). Loss aversion. In R. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Hrsg.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, S. 535–536). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Plessner, H. & Czenna, S. (2007). Intuition als Ressource beim Urteilen und Entscheiden. Personalführung, 4, 80–88.

    Year of publication: 2006

    Keller, J., & Bless, H. (2006). Regulatory fit and cognitive performance: The interactive effects of chronic and situationally induced self-regulatory mechanisms on test performance. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 393–405.

    Greifeneder, R. & Bless, H. (2006). Gedankenlosigkeit. In H.W. Bierhoff & D. Frey (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Psychologie: Sozialpsychologie und Kommunikationspsychologie (280–286). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Greifeneder, R., & Betsch, C. (2006). Lieber die Taube auf dem Dach! Eine Skala zur Erfassung interindividueller Unterschiede in der Maximierungstendenz (Validation and German translation of the maximizing scale). Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 37(4), 233–243.

    Bless, H., & Keller, J. (2006). Urteilsheuristiken. In H.W. Bierhoff & D. Frey (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Psychologie: Sozialpsychologie und Kommunikationspsychologie (294–300). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Bless, H., & Igou, E.R. (2006). Stimmung und Informationsverarbeitung. In H.W. Bierhoff & D. Frey (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Psychologie: Sozialpsychologie und Kommunikations-psychologie (423–429). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Bless, H., & Fiedler, K. (2006). Mood and the regulation of information processing and behavior. In J.P. Forgas, K.D. Williams & W. van Hippel (Eds.), Hearts and minds: Affective influences on social cognition and behavior (pp. 65–84). NE York: Psychology Press.

    Year of publication: 2005

    Wänke, M. & Bless, H. (2005). Einstellungsmessung in der Marktforschung. In D. Frey, L. von Rosenstiel & C. Graf Hoyos (Hrsg.), Wirtschaftspsychologie (Band II) (S. 60–65). Weinheim: Beltz-Verlag.

    Keller, J., & Bless, H. (2005) When negative expectancies turn into negative performance: The role of ease of retrieval. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 535–541.

    Igou, E. & Bless, H. (2005). The conversational basis for the dilution effect. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 24, 25–35.

    Bless, H. & Wänke, M. (2005). Marken und Markenerweiterungen aus einer kognitionspsychologischen Perspektive. In D. Frey, L. von Rosenstiel & C. Graf Hoyos (Hrsg.), Wirtschaftspsychologie (Band II) (246–250). Weinheim: Beltz-Verlag.

    Bless, H. & Igou, E.R. (2005). Mood and the use of general knowledge structures in judgment and decision making. In T.Betsch & S. Haberstroh (Eds.), The routines of decision making (193–210). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Year of publication: 2004

    Kemmelmeier, M., Bless, H. Schwarz, N., & Bohner, G. (2004). What research participants learn from rewards: A conversational logic analysis of rewarding reasoning performance. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/Current Psychology of Cognition, 22, 267–287.

    Keller, J. & Bless, H. (2004). Evolutionary thought and psychological essentialism: The belief in genetic predispositions and its relationship to basic processes of social cognition. Journal of Culture and Evolutionary Psychology, 2, 123–141.

    Bless, H., Fiedler, K., & Strack, F. (2004). Social Cognition: How individuals construct social reality. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

    Abele, S., Bless, H. & Ehrhart (2004). Social Information Processing in Strategic Decision-making: Why Timing Matters. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 92, 28–46.

    Year of publication: 2003

    Wänke, M., Bless, H. & Wortberg, S. (2003). Der Einfluss von “Karrierefrauen” auf das Frauenstereotyp: Moderatoren von Stereotypenänderung und Subtyping. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 34, 187–196.

    Schwarz, N., Bless, H., Wänke, M. & Winkielman (2003). Accessibility revisited. In G.V. Bodenhausen & A.J. Lambert (Eds.), Foundations of Social Cognition: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert S. Wyer, Jr. (pp. 51.77). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

    Ruder, M. & Bless, H. (2003). Mood and the reliance on the ease of retrieval heuristic. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 20–32.

    Igou, E.R. & Bless, H. (2003). Inferring the importance of arguments: Order effects and conversational rules. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 91–99

    Florack, A., Bless, H. & Piontkowski, U. (2003). When people accept cultural diversity. Affect as determinant. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, 627–640.

    Bless, H., Schwarz, N. & Wänke, M. (2003). The size of context effects in social judgments. In J.P. Forgas, K.D. Williams & W. van Hippel (Eds.), Responding to the social world: Implicit and explicit processes in social judgments (pp. 180–197). New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Year of publication: 2002

    Walther, E., Bless, H., Strack, F., Rackstraw, P., Wagner, D. & Werth., L. (2002). Conformity effects in memory as a function of group size, dissenters and uncertainty. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16, 793–810.

    Igou, E.R., Bless, H. & Schwarz, N. (2002). Repetition may decrease the informative function of response scales. Communications Monographs, 69, 179–187.

    Bless, H. & Schwarz, N. (2002). Konzeptgesteuerte Informationsverarbeitung. In D. Frey & M. Irle (Hrsg.). Theorien der Sozialpsychologie, Bd. III (2. Auflage, S. 257–278). Bern: Huber.

    Bless, H. & Igou, E.R. (2002). Die Rolle kognitiv verfügbarer Information bei der Eindrucksbildung. In Janetzko, D., Meyer, H.A. & Hildebrandt, M. (Hrsg.), Das Experimentalpsychologische Praktikum im Labor und WWW (pp.153–161). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Bless, H. (2002). Where has the feeling gone? The signal function of affective states. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 28–31.

    Igou, E.R., Bless, H. & Schwarz, N. (2002). Making sense of standardized survey questions: The influence of reference periods and their repetition. Communications Monographs, 69, 179–187.

    Year of publication: 2001

    Wänke, M., Bless, H. & Igou, E.R. (2001). Next to a star: Paling, shining, or both? Turning inter-exemplar contrast into inter-exemplar assimiliation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 14–29.

    Florack, A., Scarabis, M. & Bless, H. (2001). Der Einfluß wahrgenommener Bedrohung auf die Nutzung automatischer Assoziationen bei der Personenbeurteilung. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 32, 249–259.

    Florack, A., Scarabis, M. & Bless, H. (2001). When do associations matter? The use of automatic associations towards ethnic groups in person judgments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 518–524.

    Fiedler, K. & Bless, H. (2001). Social cognition: The construction of social reality. In W. Stroebe, M. Hewstone & G. Stephenson (Eds.), Introduction to social psychology (4th edition, pp. 115–149). New York, NY: Springer.

    Bless, H. & Wänke, M. (2001). Die Bedeutung von Marken aus der Perspektive menschlicher Informationsverarbeitung. Wirschaftspsychologie, 3, 28–34.

    Bless, H., Strack, F. & Walther, E. (2001). Memory as a target of social influence? Memory distortions as a function of social influence and meta-cognitive knowledge. In J.P. Forgas, & K.D. Williams (Eds.), Social Influence: Direct and indirect processes (pp. 167–183). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

    Bless, H., Schwarz, N., Bodenhausen, G.V. & Thiel, L. (2001). Personalized versus generalized benefits of stereotype disconfirmation: Tradeoffs in the evaluation of atypical exemplars and their social groups. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 386–397.

    Bless, H. (2001). The consequences of mood on the processing of social information. In A. Tesser & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook in Social Psychology (pp. 391–412). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

    Bless, H. (2001). The relation between mood and the use of general knowledge structures. In L.L. Martin & G.L. Clore (Eds.), Mood and social cognition: Contrasting theories (pp. 9–29). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    Year of publication: 2000

    Wänke, M. & Bless, H. (2000). The effects of subjective ease of retrieval on attitudinal judgments: The moderating role of processing motivation. In In H. Bless & J.P. Forgas, (Eds), The message within: The role of subjective experience in social cognition and behavior (143–161). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

    Hertel, G. & Bless, H. (2000). ‘Online‘ und erinnerungsgestützte Urteilsbildung: Auslösefaktoren und empirische Unterscheidungsmöglichkeiten. Psychologische Rundschau, 51, 19–28.

    Fiedler, K. & Bless, H. (2000). The formation of beliefs in the interface of affective and cognitive processes. In N. Frijda, A. Manstead & S. Bem (Eds.), The influence of emotions on beliefs (pp. 144–170). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Bless, H. & Wänke, M. (2000). Can the same information be typical and atypical? How perceived typicality moderates assimilation and contrast in evaluative jugdments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 306–314.

    Bless, H. & Ruder, M. (2000). Informationsverarbeitung und Stimmung. In J. Otto, H. Euler & H. Mandl (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Emotionspsychologie (pp. 306–314). München: Psychologie Verlags Union.

    Bless, H., Igou, E.R., Schwarz, N. & Wänke, M. (2000). Reducing context effects by adding context information: The direction and size of context effects in political judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1036-1045.

    Bless, H. & Forgas, J.P. (2000), (Eds.). The message within. The role of subjective experience in social cognition and behavior. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

    Bless, H. & Forgas, J.P. (2000). The message within: Toward a social psychology of subjective experiences. In H. Bless & J.P. Forgas, (Eds), The message within: The role of subjective experience in social cognition and behavior (pp. 372 -392). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

    Bless, H., Bohner, G., Schwarz, N. & Strack, F. (2000). Mood and Persuasion: A cognitive response analysis. In G. Parrott (Ed.), Emotions in social psychology. Philadelphia. Psychology Press. [reprint of a manuscript published in 1990 in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin]

    Bless, H. (2000). The interplay of affect and cognition: The mediating role of general knowledge structures. In J.P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking: Affective influences on social cognition (pp. 201–222). New York: Cambridge University Press.