Browsing articles from "April, 2012"

Dr Pospieszna will present at conference in Heidelberg

Apr 17, 2012   //   by admindela   //   General  //  Comments Off on Dr Pospieszna will present at conference in Heidelberg

Dr. Pospieszna will present her recent work with Prof. Gerald Schneider (University of Konstanz) on power sharing institutions in post-conflict countries at the “Demokratie und Politische Gewalt” conference organized by Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Heidelberg, 19-20 April.

New Publication

Apr 13, 2012   //   by admindela   //   General  //  Comments Off on New Publication

Forthcoming. Todd Landman, David Kernohan and Anita Gohdes ‘Relativizing Human Rights’, Journal of Human Rights.

Research, policy analysis and conditional aid policy among some donor countries rely on standards-based measures of country human rights performance. These measures code annual performance based on narrative reports published by the US State Department and Amnesty International. The coding yields a performance ranking for countries that in our view is ‘absolute’ or reflects that current state of human rights performance without taking into account the relative social, political or economic conditions within countries. While this absolute ranking is useful for empirical analyses of some human rights questions and policy applications, it can lead to perverse outcomes in other areas of work. This article provides an alternative method for ranking country human rights performance that takes into account an array of additional variables that are related to the protection of civil and political rights. The method involves three stages. Stage one applies principal component factor analysis to five different standards-based measures of civil and political rights to extract a single human rights ‘factor score’. Stage two regresses the factor score on a series of explanatory variables for the protection of civil and political rights for which there is widespread consensus and then saves the residual as an indicator of the ‘over’ or ‘under’ performance of countries with respect to the protection of those rights. Stage three plots the ‘factor score’ alongside the relative score to compare these different measures of human rights performance over time and across different regions. Our results lead to a new depiction of human rights progress in the world that we believe will be of interest to human rights scholars and practitioners.

Dr Pospieszna attending Tempus Project Workshop in Albania

Apr 12, 2012   //   by admindela   //   General  //  Comments Off on Dr Pospieszna attending Tempus Project Workshop in Albania

Dr Pospieszna will represent the Lehrstuhl at the Human Rights Education Workshop organized within EU Tempus project Developing Human Rights at the Heart of Higher Education in the Western Balkans (HEART– Higher Education ACtion for Rights Teaching). The workshop will take place in Tirana, Albania in May 2012. It will bring together representatives of partner institutions associated with the project. More information about the project here.

 

Prof. Carey to contribute to Arab Spring Conference, Michigan State University, 19-21 April 2012

Apr 12, 2012   //   by admindela   //   General  //  Comments Off on Prof. Carey to contribute to Arab Spring Conference, Michigan State University, 19-21 April 2012

Prof. Carey is contributing to the Arab Spring Conference at Michigan State University, 19-21 April 2012. Together with Prof. Michael Colaresi (Michigan State University) she presents research on “The Role of the Informal Security Apparatus in Regime Change.”

Prof. Carey presented recent work on pro-government militias and the recurrence of conflict at the ISA Conference

Apr 12, 2012   //   by admindela   //   General  //  Comments Off on Prof. Carey presented recent work on pro-government militias and the recurrence of conflict at the ISA Conference

Prof. Carey presented the co-authored paper with Prof. Neil Mitchell (UCL) “Ending Civil Conflict: The Make-Up of the Security Sector and Pro-Government Militias”. This paper examines the impact of the organization of security forces on the prospects for peace. It develops the argument that when governments are under threat, they delegate part of the use of violence to informal armed groups in order to multiply force. However, this choice comes with a cost at the end of the conflict, as conflicts require more complex settlements. Having multiple actors increase the demand for compensation and guarantees, as well as heightens the chance of spoilers. Initial analyses find support for this argument.

Dr Pospieszna presented research on power sharing in post-conflict countries at the ISA Conference

Apr 12, 2012   //   by admindela   //   General  //  Comments Off on Dr Pospieszna presented research on power sharing in post-conflict countries at the ISA Conference

Dr Pospieszna presented the co-authored paper with Prof. Gerald Schneider (University of Konstanz) “The Illusion of ‘Peace through Power Sharing’: Constitutional Choice in the Shadow of Civil War” at the ISA Conference in San Diego, 1-4 April 2012. The paper examines 551 civil war terminations since World War II and shows that constitutional choices are largely a consequence of the conflict outcome. Especially the adaptation of proportional representation is less likely if the preceding conflict ended with a military victory by either the government or rebel troops. Moreover, while the ethnic composition of a country in the form of polarization furthers the spread of this aspect of power sharing, highly polarized countries face an especially large risk that the dyadic conflict becomes again violent ten or five years after the end of a conflict. The statistical analysis shows that the effects of ethnic diversity dwarf the pacifying impact of power-sharing institutions. The results suggest that constitution makers should advocate power sharing only as a long-term solution to overcome strong divisions within a society, but not as a supposedly fast-acting remedy in post-conflict reconstruction.